As a loan officer, you must know what a warranty of title is and how it can affect the buying and selling of homes. When a person wants to buy or sell a home, they look to you to help make the process as smooth as possible. This means making sure there are no claims on the home and that the owner can legally sell the property.

Warranty Titles & Deeds

Warranties of title are included in warranty deeds, which are used to legally transfer property. They are the most common form of property transfer and guarantee a good and marketable title. A warranty of title ensures that the seller has the legal right to sell the property and that no one else has a claim to it, like an ex-spouse.

A warranty of title is different from a quitclaim deed in that quitclaim deeds are not used to transfer property through a sale. Rather, they remove someone’s rights and interest in the property or transfers property to a family member.

Selling & Buying Homes with Warranty of Title

When selling a property with a warranty of title, the seller must have no liens on the property. The reason being, if the buyer buys a home with liens, they will not be able to secure a clear title to the property.

If a buyer unknowingly buys a home that has a claim on it and that information comes to light later on, either because it was not disclosed or unknown, they are not responsible for it. The seller is responsible and must assume all financial liability for settling the claim on the property.

When There is No Warranty of Title

Warranties of title are not included in the following sales:

In each of these instances, the seller is not the owner, as the owner has either died or had the property confiscated. If the buyer bought a home that was being foreclosed or has a tax lien on it, they will be responsible for paying it off. As a loan officer, you must make buyers aware of this information—especially if they are paying for the home with cash.

Next Up: Understanding Quitclaim Deeds

The above information is for educational purposes only. All information, loan programs and interest rates are subject to change without notice. All loans subject to underwriter approval. Terms and conditions apply. Always consult an accountant or tax advisor for full eligibility requirements on tax deduction.